How to effectively cure inflammation of the outer ear (otitis externa)?

The choice of treatment for external otitis media depends on the form and cause of the disease. Treatment of bacterial external otitis media is carried out on an outpatient basis and is based on regular cleansing of the ear canal, the use of dressings and topical application of drops. Cleansing can be carried out using a suction or cotton swab. At the beginning of treatment, filters with decongestants (steroids) or acidifying agents are used to reduce edema. The basis of therapy is drops with antibiotics. It is important not to wet the ear during treatment. Especially at the beginning of the disease, it is necessary to introduce analgesic treatment. In the presence of fever and enlarged lymph nodes, oral antibiotic therapy is recommended.

When pain does not decrease and skin inflammation persists, antibiotics can be used topically in the form of ointments. If there is no improvement, systemic antibiotic therapy is recommended. When a fever does not occur with otitis externa, the lymph nodes do not enlarge, and the surrounding tissue is free from damage, local antibiotic therapy is indicated. The dressings used in treatment should be replaced every 3-4 days and at the same time, the ear canal should be cleaned of residues.

In the treatment of external viral otitis media, it is very important to diagnose the disease as early as possible and to conduct antiviral and analgesic treatment as soon as possible, as well as rehabilitation in case of facial nerve damage. The treatment of fungal otitis externa is long and complex. Therefore, it is important to systematically clean the ear canal. Antifungal preparations in the form of suspensions or ointments are recommended. Oral administration of antifungal drugs is also sometimes indicated.

In case of cartilage inflammation, antibiotics are used, and its damaged fragments are removed surgically. If the cause of rosacea is a lesion in the middle ear, then the goal of treatment is to remove it. The pharmacotherapy used is aimed at the selection of suitable antibiotics, due to which it is possible to effectively treat streptococcal infection. Treatment of boils is based primarily on its puncture or incision, designed to remove purulent contents from the lesion. In some cases, the scar that then appears can lead to a narrowing of the ear canal. Eczema is most often treated in collaboration with a dermatologist or allergist. After completion of treatment for otitis media, it is recommended to conduct a hearing test.

In malignant inflammation, where Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the cause, early treatment is similar to the treatment of other bacterial infections. The problem arises when choosing the right medicine, because the bacterium is very resistant. Some penicillins and carbapenemic antibiotics, as well as 3rd and 4th generation cephalosporins are most effective.

If during treatment the patient's condition does not improve, and hearing impairment is also observed, dizziness and vomiting appear, it is necessary to consult a doctor. spanish maral gel precio