What causes miscarriages in the early stages of pregnancy

A miscarriage is a spontaneous abortion that occurred before the 20-22 week of pregnancy. At the same time, it is impossible to save the fetus itself, because its mass has not reached 500 grams. And the one who was born with such a low mass is simply doomed to death. However, after 22 weeks of gestation, the fetus usually weighs more than half a kilogram, which means that it has every chance of surviving. Doctors save these babies, though most of them die anyway.

A miscarriage ends in 20% of all pregnancies. For a practicing obstetrician-gynecologist, these are quite large numbers, although not every woman experiences a loss of crumbs in her life at such an early date. However, most miscarriages occur before 12 weeks of gestation. And therefore, the longer the gestation period, the less the chance of a miscarriage.

How does a miscarriage develop?

Any miscarriages develop according to one scenario. First, a fertilized egg dies at an early stage, or a fetus at a late stage of gestation. After this, detachment of the fetus or ovum from the uterine endometrium occurs. At this moment, a woman may notice a slight spotting. Then the fetus or ovum with all its shells is pushed out. But the whole trouble is that bloody discharge, which is detected during detachment of the membranes, can appear during pregnancy outside the uterus, and during a normal pregnancy, when their cause is completely unclear. At 6-8 weeks, many women noticed a small amount of blood being released. Moreover, the fetus did not suffer from this in any way, but medicine is powerless to understand the reasons for such secretions.

Why a miscarriage can happen.

Very often, a pregnancy ends in a miscarriage, in which the fetus has some kind of abnormality in its development. Most often, these are some random chromosomal abnormalities that never recur during subsequent pregnancies. A woman is not able to do anything here. It does not depend on how the chromosomes of the egg and sperm are distributed. So to prevent such a miscarriage is simply impossible.

Sometimes when a pregnancy occurs, a woman experiences a real hormonal failure. That is, the mother’s body is simply not able to secrete in the right amount such an important hormone as progesterone, and after all it is called the hormone of pregnancy and guarantees its safety and further course. Everything is much simpler here. In the first weeks after conception, a woman needs to donate blood to diagnose the amount of progesterone in her body. And if this hormone is below normal, then you will have to take its synthetic analogues in order to maintain pregnancy.

Rhesus conflict of mother and fetus is another common cause for miscarriage. In this case, Rhesus - a negative woman carries Rhesus - a positive child who has received this positive Rhesus from his father. The pregnant body is doing its best to push a foreign organism out of the mother’s body, which leads to Rhesus conflict and frequent miscarriages. Therefore, a pregnant woman with Rh - negative blood should especially carefully approach the issue of preserving pregnancy. She can take out the baby, but for this she needs to take a special course with immunomodulating drugs.

Another common cause of spontaneous abortion is infectious diseases that are transmitted sexually. Among them, it is especially worth noting syphilis, trichomoniasis, chlamydia, toxoplasmosis, cytomegalovirus. That is why, before planning a pregnancy, every woman should have a blood test to determine all of these diseases. Do not neglect this analysis and men who want to become dads. Viruses and bacteria that cause sexually transmitted diseases can lead not only to miscarriage, but also to the development of fetal pathology. Cytomegalovirus is especially dangerous in this regard.
Yes, and the simplest and most common infections, for example, flu or tonsillitis at an early stage of gestation, can also lead to the formation of a miscarriage.

Another significant reason for a miscarriage is an abortion, termination of a previous pregnancy. In addition to a miscarriage, it is likely that it is abortion that can become the culprit of infertility. Carrying out an abortion is a huge hormonal stress for the body. In this case, a strong hormonal dysfunction of the ovaries may develop. And sometimes it’s so strong that they don’t stop producing eggs, which means pregnancy will just become impossible. Принцип работы зеркала casino 1x slots вот здесь описан очень подробно! Огромный выбор игровых автоматов. Учавствуй в турнирах.